Dysgraphia, dyslexia, dyscalculia
These are specific learning disabilities that are neurobiological in origin.
Dyslexia is characterised by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition, poor spelling and decoding abilities. Secondary consequences are reduced reading ability, slow vocabulary development and general knowledge. These children typically have a deficit in the phonological component of language.
This is the most common learning disability and persists throughout life. The sooner it is treated, the better.
Dysgraphia affects written expression and can appear as difficulties with spelling, poor handwriting and putting thoughts on paper. Dysgraphia can be a language based, and/or non-language based disorder.
Dyscalculia or mathematical learning disability affects around 6% of the population. Individuals with dyscalculia struggle to learn mathematical concepts despite having an adequate environment. These children struggle to understand numbers and math concepts.
In this workshop, we describe dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia in depth. We discuss the basic neurology of these problems and how they present.
We talk about what you do if you suspect one of these problems, how to manage them in the classroom and when and to whom to refer. We give examples of remedial aids and support material. The workshop facilitates the sharing of common experiences.